Phelan et al. Shifting Criteria

When female candidates present themselves as fit for a leadership role (e.g. by demonstrating their competence and ambition), they risk social and economic penalties. Evaluators disadvantage qualified female candidates by modifying the criteria used for judgment away from competence to overemphasize interpersonal skills. For the full article, click here.

Phelan, J. E., Moss-Racusin, C. A., & Rudman, L. A. (2008). Competent yet out in the cold: Shifting criteria for hiring reflect backlash toward agentic women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 32, 406-413. https://doi-org.proxy.library.uu.nl/10.1111/j.1471-6402.2008.00454.x