Scientific research from gender-diverse teams is more novel and impactful. Research by Yang et al. (2022) analysed the research publications of 3.2 million female and 4.4 million male scientists in more than 15,000 medical science journals from 2000 to 2019. The study reveals that a team’s gender balance is “an under-recognized, yet powerful indicator of novel and impactful scientific discoveries”. Watch Yang Yang's interview about the research on gender-diverse research teams here.
Gender bias in publications
Controlling for, among other things, role, research experience and time spent on a project, researchers at Northeastern University found that women are less likely than men to be credited as authors on articles. The results of a qualitative study within this research suggest that the reason that women are less likely to be credited is because their work is often not known, is not appreciated or is ignored.
In a report on how gender impacts different facets of research, Elsevier shows that there are still significant disparities. By analysing information about authors of academic publications, grant recipient and patent applications, Elsevier examined trends in gender-based representation across 15 countries and the EU28. Several indicators reveal that gender disparity still is prevalent, with women having a smaller footprint in the research landscape.
Read Elsevier’s press release for more information, and take a look at their report here.
A meta analysis into shared authorship – when two or more authors contribute equally to a published work – has revealed gender inequality among authors differing in gender. In case of mixed gender combinations, male authors more often appear in the first position, a pattern that can't be explained by alphabetical or random choice. Read the full paper here.