Female surgeons in Canada perform on average better than their male counterparts, according to a recent study from the University of Toronto. The research indicates that patients operated on by male surgeons have an 8% higher risk of severe medical complications, premature death, and unplanned readmissions 90 days post-surgery compared to those treated by female surgeons. The exact cause of this disparity remains unclear from this study. Oncologist Christopher Wallis from the University of Toronto suggests in an interview with Scientias that factors such as the time female surgeons spend with patients, their communication style, and their adherence to guidelines might offer possible explanations. Further research is currently being conducted on this matter.